Warts are benign growths on the skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They can occur on any part of the body, but most commonly appear on the hands, feet, and face. Warts can be spread through direct contact with an infected person or surface.
Common causes of warts include a weakened immune system and skin damage such as cuts, abrasions, or cracks. There are several types of warts including common warts, plantar warts, flat warts, filiform warts, and genital warts. Symptoms of warts can include small, rough growths on the skin, discoloration, tenderness, itching, and irritation.
Various treatments are available for warts, including over-the-counter medications containing salicylic acid, prescription medications like imiquimod cream, cantharidin, podophyllin, or retinoid cream, as well as surgical removal, laser treatment, freezing or burning by a doctor or dermatologist. To prevent warts, avoid direct contact with infected skin or surfaces, keep the skin clean and dry, avoid picking at warts, wear protective footwear in public places, and strengthen your immune system by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
If you suspect that you have a wart or are experiencing any of the associated symptoms, consult with a board-certified dermatologist such as Dr. Neily, who can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend the best treatment options for your individual needs. Call our office today to schedule an appointment.